The SAIT 100th Birthday Cake

I realized long ago that in the hospitality industry we are not here just to deliver the cake, dessert, or food – we deliver happiness. It’s not about the cake, it’s about the experience. And in this case, the people which make the experience happen!

I’m aware it has been a long time since I have posted. The reason is I have been submerged in my dream job – teaching full time as a baking & pastry instructor at the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT), the same college which I graduated from over 10 years ago.

As we near the end of the year, I tend to self-reflect. Here I wish to share with you one of the most meaningful cakes I had the opportunity to be a part of last year – the SAIT Centennial 100th birthday cake.

This cake project involved:

  • 70+ volunteers; including students, instructors, and community & industry members
  • 14 tiers, with a total height of 7+ feet tall
  • Serving 2000+ people from this cake & side serving cakes
  • An estimated weight of 350+lb in the centre ‘tower’ of cake
  • An overall weight of approximately 640+ lbs including the front sheet and back mountain sections

Planning to Make a Big Cake

There have definitely been cakes I’ve made without planning. But when others are involved, I believe it really helps to have a tangible (a.k.a. written or visual) plan. To me, a plan is a way of communicating ideas and actions to others, instead of it all staying inside my head. For a cake, this is usually in the form of sketches, reference photos, schedules, and to-do lists.

For me, the process of planning for a large cake usually involves:

  1. Identifying the parameters
  2. Collecting all relevant ideas and references.
  3. Drawing the initial sketch, followed by refinements and design approval.
  4. Creating a to-scale diagram or in this case, cardboard model. I cannot emphasize the importance of this!

In regards to the parameters, I had to first determine the purpose of the project. I was torn between exclusiveness versus inclusiveness – was it better to work with a small group of highly skilled volunteers or a larger group of volunteers with varying skills levels? I tried to pinpoint the purpose and essence of this cake, all while battling my ego. In interacting with the SAIT party planning team, and learning about the views of SAIT, two themes started to stand out to me – friendliness & collaboration. I decided to allow anyone to help with the cake and started welcoming any volunteers who were interested.

Early in the year, we started collecting ideas for the cake. We sent out a message out to all the staff and faculty of SAIT asking for what they would like to see on their Centennial Cake, and got some great ideas representing the different trades and technologies at SAIT. I think one of my favourite ideas was a superhero in a cape called the Learning Man.

After, I held a planning session with interested past and present baking students. I’m not sure if was because of the method, or because of the people, but the ideas were very different from those collected from staff & faculty. They were immensely creative ideas, clearly from a student’s perspective, such as students enjoying treats such as Tim Horton’s coffee & lying in the grass eating chocolate bars, or students launching candles at the cake using a candle cannon.

I did notice many ideas, whether from staff or students, had one thing in common – they involved people. At first, I had difficulty welcoming this. People in the form of edible sugar figures are notoriously difficult and time consuming to make. But the number of volunteers interested in helping with the cake grew, and soon I realized this was perfect. The detail and number of figures could easily be adjusted to the number of volunteers and their skill level.

I believe if it can work on paper, it can work in person. The initial sketch is always a rough one for me, often happening late at night in a spontaneous and creative manner, with the main focus being the overall shape or “feel” of the cake. From there, refinement happens as specific ideas are incorporated and the sketch is shown to others for input and approval.

The very first sketch, in blue ink.

One of many refined sketches, after specific details are added.

I believe the more accurately the end goal can be visualized, the easier it is to work towards. Thus came the life-sized sketch, then cardboard model. This made many things easier to figure out, such as the:

  • size and number of figures needed
  • the height of the internal structure
  • the overall height of the cake
  • width and height of each cake board
  • width and height of each tier
  • how much cake to bake

It also made great visuals for everyone involved!

I like to challenge myself and wanted to make this the tallest cake I have ever made. In the initial brainstorming, I was confident I could make a cake upwards of 20 feet tall, and there was a very real conversation exploring the use of scaffolding and a bucket truck, which I soon realized was beyond the scope of the parameters. Shortly after I scaled things back after determining these limits, which was a good thing as I can be known to get carried away. 😊 One of my philosophies is to dream big – don’t just reach for the stars, reach for the galaxies; and if I land partway there, I’m happy.

Did you know 80″ doors and 10 foot PVC can fit in a Toyota Corolla?

Fellow instructors helping with the cake board. Here pieces of wood are added to the bottom of the board as a footing to make it easier to lift if there is weight on top.

My focus was still to create an emotional impact, a.k.a. wow factor. To me, a wow factor is about creating a memorable feeling of a once-in-a-lifetime experience. I felt the cake needed to have enough presence to suit the large hall it would be displayed and decided to increase the size of the cake design at least twice. With the replica, I felt the wow factor was reached when it was tall enough to tilt my head back to view it.

Starting with Dry Decorations

I learned quickly to adapt to the availability and schedules of others – it was their time which determined what would get done each day. It was interesting to learn about how unpredictable and last-minute everyone’s lives were, with many not knowing where they had to be until the day of.

What also surprised me was my loss of creativity. This was due to my thoughts consumed by planning, coordination and time management. As a naturally creative person, this was hard. It felt like the creative part of my brain shut off. I had to focus on organizing work and rely on others to develop the creative ideas.

I had to accept it was not my job to be a technician, but to be the project manager. There was no other person better suited for this. Every minute I spent working on the details of the cake was a minute I could be coordinating the work to someone else. This was a challenge as I often felt in my life that I am a technician. My skill is what got me here, and skill is what I can always fall back on. I had to learn that my purpose was to pass on skills to the students and volunteers by allowing them to do the work. And the more work I delegated to others, and the more I stepped back, the more meaningful the project became.

An excellent idea contributed was to have a hundred figures because it was a hundredth birthday. Making the figures was probably the most time-consuming. For consistency, I created polymer clay figures which were then cast into a re-meltable mold making medium. Our team of volunteers would then use these molds to create the bodies, then dressing them as needed. And what really gave a sense of diversity were the hair different styles! By the end of the summer, we had well over a hundred dried sugar figures, tucked away safely in airtight storage.

My buddy. Made of polymer clay.

The first trial of the custom mold, made using a product called Composi-Mold.

Linnea Neels, figure making extraordinaire!

Amethyst Thompson & Nicole Padley, fellow members of the hair & accessory team among many other things!

Ekaterina creating a miniature version of the cake!

SAIT President, Dr. David Ross.

Kim Hambley creating figures.

Leading up to the Day of the Event

Most elements of this cake were built on previous experience from cakes I had done before, such as the globe, mountains, topsy-turvy shape, large sheets of cake, buildings, and figures. There were however definitely risks involved, such as the use of electronics and being the tallest & heaviest cake I had ever been a part of.

As we neared the day of the event and things began to build together, I had one frazzled weekend where the weight of the cake far exceeded what I had first planned, and I questioned the stability of the cake boards. We found ourselves stacking multiple bags of flour on top of the boards to observe if they would collapse. Luckily, they only compressed about 1mm, even with about 500lbs stacked on top overnight.

Sometimes there is too much cake in the cooler to get out & one has to compromise.

Rebekka and Vicky doing a dry run of the stacking. This is where we realized things were getting heavy.

After weighing the tiers we could, and estimating the rest, we realized the centre tower of tiers was over 350lbs, and the overall cake weighed over 640lbs!

Testing to see if our cake boards would compress or not.

Moving forward with the world.

The to-do list looking a little chaotic leading up to the event.

The night before, Rob Hambley, among many others, starting to place figures on the cake. This was a late night.

I was so happy on the day of the event – most of the planning paid off. Everything fit together like a streamlined puzzle. Asides from a few small decorations falling, nothing major fell down and nothing melted.

Madison Nussbaum, Amethyst & Rebekka helping to assemble the cake, among many others.

Surrounded by some incredible individuals here. This is only a fraction of those who helped with the cake.

(Photograph courtesy Rebekka Lenz)

(Photograph courtesy Rebekka Lenz)

The cake had a strong presence. It was a clear collaboration. There was the smell of buttercream and cake. It looked like a balancing act. There were small delightful details for the crowd to discover, such as miniature slices of cake enjoyed by the figures, or the school’s mascot. I was thrilled all the electronics worked, such as the light for the candle, switchboard, and the spotlight for the mayor. The Learning Man, and Learning Woman were there. And the cake was of a height where you had to tilt your head up to take it all in.

(The above four photographs are courtesy of Rebekka Lenz)

As always, my favourite part was to see the cake get dismantled, cut up, and served. Not only did people get to see the cake, they got to eat it. And many children enjoyed the 100+ sugary figures.

(Footage courtesy Nolan Moskaluk)


What were the proudest parts of this project for me? I estimate I worked on less than 5% of the actual cake and decorations. What I did on cake included:

  • modelling & baking the polymer clay figures used for casting the molds
  • creating the faces for the figures of the SAIT president, executive team and a few other special requests
  • smoothing the buttercream on the Heritage Hall and Aldred buildings,
  • assembling the internal structure for the top three tiers & touch ups for these tiers

I was also pleased that no styrofoam used in the making of this cake, however, some of the bottom tiers contained rice cereal treats – making it a truly heavy cake.

Most of all, my proudest part was my ability to trust a group of volunteers to make this cake from start to finish, ending with assembling the cake, final decorations and serving the cake. They had it handled, they knew what had to be done. I didn’t even have to be there, which is exactly what I wanted. I wanted it to be their experience, their day, not mine.

I am glad I to decided to welcome as many volunteers as possible. Not only did this disperse the workload (especially with so many unpredictable schedules), each person helped create more conversation about the cake, sharing their story of their involvement with others.

I learned deeply about myself and my weaknesses: I don’t always respect my own time, I doubt myself, and I often feel grossly unorganized. On the other hand, I learned about my strengths: I remember details about people, I adapt according to needs, and I consider myself compassionate.

I noticed some areas of improvement in planning, management, and communication on my behalf. This project taught me to be a better team lead and the importance of clearly communicating my expectations. There was no one to do quality control other than myself. On the day of the event I think I could have been more prepared for the publicity; managed the serving of the cake in a more streamlined way; and been more intuitive in delegating, especially as the energies of the team and myself became depleted later on in the evening.

This cake taught me to predict the unexpected. I didn’t know who would sign up, who would pull through, or that I would even have this task. Sometimes in my mind, I plan things to go one way, and then they take on a life of its own and evolve to become completely different. Many students surprised me with their drive and capacity, with often matched or exceeded my own.

I maintain my belief it is people who create meaning in this world. Being in the hospitality (and now, education) industry I am in essence, servicing people. This cake was representing the people of SAIT, made by the people of SAIT, to feed the people of SAIT.

After the cake was done I was often asked if I was happy it’s over. If anything, I was sad. Having a large project in my life has been my status quo. I missed the one-on-one interactions, the thrill of doing something different, and missed working collectively together to reach a common goal.

But I know from experience it’s necessary to take these breaks between projects to rejuvenate and step away and to miss them, yearn for them, so I remember why I love the things I love. What the next project will be, who knows, but I know it will be easier with the experience gained from this cake.

Here is a video which summarizes the process of the making of the SAIT Centennial cake:

(Footage by SAIT)

Feel free to check out my other writings as an educator at

Project Cake: Part 10 – Royal Icing Piping

The royal icing recipe I use contains only two ingredients: icing sugar and egg whites.

Quantities are adjusted slightly according to use – generally anything from “stiff peak” for borders, to “soft peak” for string work. I always add whites to sugar, never the other way around. In most cases, only a drop or two of whites is required to adjust the icing. I prefer mixing by hand in small quantities, which allows me to develop a sense for the correct consistency.

Proper consistency is key.

01. PME Piping Tips 02. Best Piping Tips 03. Royal Icing Piping 04. Cake Competition 05. Cake Videos 06. Royal Icing Cake 07. Piping Techniques 09. English Overpiping 10. Royal Icing Bridge 11. Lambeth Piping 12. Australian Stringwork 13. Royal Icing Stringwork 13b. Royal Icing Border 14. Lambeth Method

Project Cake: Part 9 – Fondant, Airbrushing and Stacking

When airbrushing fondant-covered cakes, go one to two shades lighter than the desired result. The colour will continue to darken and develop overnight as the surface of the fondant dries.

To prevent uneven blotches, always dust off an excess icing sugar or cornstarch, and ensure any residual grease or buttercream is wiped off the surface of the fondant.

Also keep in mind, as colour is only sitting ontop of the surface of the fondant, it may be difficult to hide repairs.

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Project Cake: Part 8 – Baking, Cutting, Filling & Crumb Coating

Fruit cake unfortunately has a bad reputation.

Now good fruit cake is something worth experiencing.

Quality fruit cake is made using quality dried fruits, a simple butter pound cake batter, and once baked, thoroughly soaked in alcohol (for example, 1/2 to 1 cup of alcohol for an 8″ cake). It is then wrapped tightly, and allowed to age for a minimum of 2 weeks, thus allowing the alcohol to penetrate into the dried fruits and flavours to mellow and mature. In this particular case, whiskey was used, but rum and bourban are widely used. I heard a story once from a pastry chef, who said the best fruit cake he ever consumed was vacuum sealed and allowed to age for five years.

Fruit cake is best served with a layer of almond marzipan and, of course, a cup of tea.

For this particular cake, instead of marzipan, a layer of whipped ganache was used as a base layer. Rice cereal treats were used for select tiers.

The use of fruit cake in traditional cake decorating has the benefit of keeping at room temperature, and a firm stability that easily supports royal icing piping.


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Project Cake: Part 7 – Modelling Chocolate Decorations

Modelling chocolate is a wonderful versatile medium. It is made from a combination of chocolate and corn syrup or glucose, and has a similar texture to Tootsie Roll candies.

Unlike gumpaste, it does not dry out quickly because it is fat-based. It is also very firm, which makes it ideal for sculpting figures or thicker pieces.

Often in photographs of cakes, it may be difficult to distinguish if a piece is made from fondant, gum paste, or modelling chocolate, as they all may appear very similar in appearance once dry.

When modelling chocolate is made with dark chocolate, it also has the amazing aroma of cocoa.

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My tips on working with modelling chocolate include:

  • use cornstarch to lightly dust work surfaces and prevent the modelling chocolate from sticking
  • do not handle small pieces for long periods in your hands. Over handling causes pieces to melt and lose shape
  • brushing water on the finished modelling chocolate piece will give it a dull shine. It will also “harden” the surface.


IMG_9723For more information on how to make modelling chocolate, I suggest the modelling chocolate recipe on Craftsy.

For any other colour other than dark modelling chocolate, I prefer to use candy coating melts (“chocolate” where the cocoa butter has been replaced with palm oils) for less greasy results. Depending on the viscosity of the glucose and quality of the chocolate, I will sometimes add a few teaspoons of water to the recipe to improve consistency.

Project Cake: Part 6 – Pulled and Blown Sugar

For more information on pulled sugar ribbon techniques and recipes, see my previous post here.

Humidity is a concern when working with sugar, because sugar is hygroscopic – meaning that sugar molecules are attracted to water. Sugar should never be stored in the cooler because of this, unless a softening effect is desired (for example, to keep brown sugar soft).

In humid environments, finished sugar pieces will soften, lose shape, and become dull. The addition of acid to aid in elasticity also softens and dulls sugar.

These pieces were carefully stored at room temperature in an air-tight bucket with packets of silica gel.

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The hummingbird was painted using and a combination of a paintbrush and airbrush, with edible food colouring:IMG_9731For inspiration, I suggest checking out the magnificent work by Stéphane Klein, I consider him a leader in the world among sugar artistry. You can see his amazing work on his website, or on his Facebook page, Stéphane KLEIN Connexion. (Disclaimer: Some images NSFW)

Project Cake: Part 5 – Gumpaste Figure Sculpting

Gumpaste (or gum paste) figure sculpting or modelling:

In any type of sculpting or modelling of a human figure, I find it best to shape each piece separately, the attached together after drying. By shaping and allowing the head, arms and body to dry separately, it allows for less dis-figuration when attaching.

Another key to success is the use of a fine point to pick up and attach small pieces. Our fingers are blunt and difficult to see around, making precise placement difficult. Fingers and hands are also warm, which an easily melt or make fine pieces sticky. Always use the tip of a toothpick, or tip of a knife to attach fine pieces.

With a paintbrush, lightly wet the area that the fine piece is to attach to. Then use your fine point to lightly prick the piece, then attach it. Use modelling tools, not fingers, to shape pieces in place.

In this particular case, the arms, body and wings have an internal wire. The wings were hand cut and textured using a craft knife:

1. Gumpaste Head2. Gumpaste Face3. Gumpaste Face4. Gumpaste Angel Wings5. Gumpaste Figure Sculpting6. Gumpaste Modelling7. Gumpaste Figure Modelling8. Gumpaste Sculpting

Project Cake: Part 4 – Piped Chocolate Butteflies

Piped chocolate butterflies:

Each set of wing is separately hand piped onto a clear acetate sheet, then allowed to dry. The clear acetate does not wrinkle, unlike parchment.

An M-shaped form was made using folded  paper, upon which each side of the butterfly is placed. The wings are then connected using chocolate.

1. Chocolate Butterfly 2. Chocolate Butterflies 3. Chocolate Butterfly 4. Piped Chocolate Butterfly 5. Lace Chocolate Butterflies